This brief sent to the US Ambassador to Paraguay provides an overview of the development of Operation Condor until August 1978. The document mentions that Peru and Ecuador had recently joined. It also highlights that cooperation between the respective member countries had existed prior to the formal establishment of Operation Condor in May 1976 during the meeting in Santiago, Chile. Alongside regular meetings and intelligence sharing, the document mentions that member countries had been involved in conducting training including psychological warfare.

This document summarises a statement from the FBI which will be presented to the Chilean government, following the death of Chilean politician Orlando Letelier in Washington. The FBI indicates that there is strong evidence that, beyond intelligence sharing, international operations are also part of the Operation Condor system.

This document summarises an attachment with a list of Uruguayans who were freed, refouled, and allegedly disappeared in Argentina produced by the UNHCR in Buenos Aires. 

The US Embassy in Paraguay reports to the State Department that a secret meeting took place between the chiefs of intelligence of Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, and perhaps Bolivia. The meeting, reportedly, ended badly due to tensions between Argentina and Chile regarding the Beagle Channel case.

In this document, the US Ambassador to Paraguay reports on his second meeting with the Chief of Staff in charge of the high-profile case of the assassination of Chilean diplomat Orlando Letelier in Washington. The Chief of Staff General Alejandro Fretes Davalos pointed to a document indicating the coordination between security forces in South America to share intelligence and carry out the detention and refoulment of 'subversives'. The document mentions the existence of a protected communications system ('Condortel') at a US military base in Panama.


In this document, the US Ambassador to Uruguay informs Washington that the Brazilian journalist Luis Cunha had unveiled the alleged kidnapping of Uruguayan political refugees Universindo Rodriguez and Liliana de Casariego in Brazil. The document highlights that Cunha strongly suspected that the Uruguayans' captors belonged to local Brazilian security forces. 

Amnesty International reports on numerous abductions and disappearances in Argentina from August to October 1978. The report mentions the illegal forced repatriation, or refoulment, of political exiles in Argentine through the joint effort by the paramilitary security forces of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay.

In this communique, the US Ambassador of Buenos Aires forwards the remarks of a UNHCR official regarding disappeared Uruguayan refugees including the fact that the UNHCR, allegedly, has records of 50 Uruguayans disappeared in Argentina in 1977-1978. Of these 50 Uruguayans, only five reappeared in Argentine jails and the Government of Argentina denied having any record of their detention (except for one case).

Report by the Association of Relatives of the Disappeared (AFUDE) on disappeared Uruguayan refugees. In the first part of the report, it mentions that 'since 1974 the Uruguayan government is kidnapping political refugees in Argentina'. The second part of the report shares information regarding a list of disappeared Uruguayan refugees, including those seen in Argentine prisons, those kidnapped in Paraguay, and Uruguayan children disappeared in Argentina.

The UNHCR reports on the missing 26 Uruguayans who were abducted by the Argentine security forces between the late December of 1978 and early February 1979. An eyewitness account reveals that the group is being held in a derelict police station in southern Buenos Aires. The witness identifies that the group was interrogated by both Argentine and Uruguayan agents due to their accents.

This document is a news bulletin produced by US church-funded human rights organisation, the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA). It highlights a resolution by the Organization of American States (OAS) accusing the Argentine and Uruguayan governments of cooperation to repress political exiles by illegally returning exiles to their home country. This resolution specifically mentioned the case of Uruguayan journalist Enrique Rodriguez Larreta who, according to the OAS, was detained and tortured in Argentina before being returned to Uruguay in an Argentine military plane.

This is a CIA report on the death of Montonero leader, Norberto Habegger who was kidnapped in Brazil in July 1978 and secretly taken to Argentina, where he was reportedly cooperating with Argentine intelligence.

This US State Department document reports on the case of the Argentine journalist, Norberto Habbeger who was disappeared in Rio de Janeiro in August 1978. According to a press source, Habbeger's wife believes that he was kidnapped by Argentine police, 'possibly with the help of Brazilian police'.

This document reports that the countersubversive operations by the military regimes of South America have effectively curbed both the armed action and propaganda activities of the Revolutionary Coordinating Junta (JCR).

Report evaluating the declining strength of the JCR from an international, armed revolutionary network to a propaganda initiative. It also documents the existence of Operation Condor: a joint operation by the Southern Cone military regimes to combat the international threat of the JCR.

Este comunicado del Secretariado Internacional de Juristas por la Amnistia en Uruguay (SIJAU) cuenta la localización de los dos niños uruguayos,  Anatole y Victoria Julien Grisona en Chile. Destaca que el hecho confirma las denuncias realizadas sobre las desapariciones de ciudadanos uruguayos y representa un logro para la campaña por los desaparecidos.

En este reporte, la ONG brasileña, CLAMOR informa sobre la localización de los hermanos Anatole Boris y Eva Lucía Julien Grisona en Chile. Los niños habían sido secuestrados en Buenos Aires en 1976.

The US Embassy in Paraguay reports to the US Secretary of State that members of the Argentine security forces were torturing and interrogating alleged Montoneros in Paraguay handed over by the Paraguayan Investigations Police.



Este reporte de la asociación de derechos humanos brasileña CLAMOR menciona la localización de los hermanos uruguayos, Anatole y Victoria Julien Grisona en Chile. Estima que por lo menos 100 menores se encuentran desaparecidos y pueden estar adoptados ilegalmente.

This note from the US Embassy in Paraguay to the Secretary of State in Washington reports on the detention of Argentine citizens Enrique Osvaldo Landi and Ofelia Badie de Landi in Paraguay. Moreover, it is reported that the married couple were tortured by two Argentine security officials assisted by the Paraguayan police and their three-year-old son was disappeared.

Amnesty International highlights a report by Brazilian human rights group CLAMOR which exposed that Uruguayan children, Anatole and Victoria Eva Julien Grisonas had been found in Chile. Three years after their disappearance, the children were living with an adoptive family in Valparaiso.

En este informe se relatan diferentes intentos de partes de agentes argentinos y brasileños para detener a dos mujeres argentinas en la ciudad fronteriza de Uruguaiana. Los nombres están tachados pero por las fechas y los lugares mencionados, se puede afirmar que se refieren a los casos de Cristina Fiori (cuyo nombre se cita sin tachaduras hacia el final del documento) y Margarita Mengol. Fiori fue efectivamente detenida en un operativo por agentes de la policía civil de Uruguaiana y un policía argentino el 17 de noviembre, mientras que Mengol, detenida el 27 de noviembre, pudo finalmente viajar a España, país de nacionalidad. El delegado de la policía en Uruguaiana, relata el informe, afirmó que había pruebas de que el operativo del 17 de noviembre era aparentemente "irregular". El informe no está firmado.

This document contains a list of Uruguayans disappeared in 1980 including their name, age, and place of residence (where known).

This note addressed to the US Ambassador to Argentina reports on a meeting between the Regional Security Officer of the US Diplomatic Security Service and a member of the Argentine intelligence services. The Argentine intelligence agent revealed top secret information that the Argentine military intelligence (601 battalion) had contacted their Brazilian counterpart in their mission to arrest two Montoneros (Horacio Campiglia and Susana de Binstok) in Rio de Janeiro on their way back from Mexico. The Montoneros were detained in a secret jail in Campo de Mayo.

This is an unsigned message to the US Ambassador in Buenos Aires which mentions that the 601 Intelligence Battalion of the Argentine Army had cooperated with the Peruvian military intelligence to kidnap four Argentines in Lima, Peru.

This report sent from the US Embassy in Peru to the US Secretary of State in Washington mentions a statement released by the Government of Peru regarding three Argentine Montoneros detained in Lima. The statement had mentioned that the three Argentines were expelled to Bolivia following their arrest in Peru. The US Ambassador to Peru reports on the public outcry in Peru generated by this case involving Argentine security forces.

Media exposure foiled an attempt by Peruvian and Argentine security forces to secretly return Montoneros arrested in Peru to Argentina. The Peruvian police were able to identify and arrest the alleged Montoneros thanks to assistance received from the Argentine security forces. 

The US Embassy in Peru informs the US Secretary of State of an article published in the leftist newspaper "El Diario de Marka" in which Bolivian President Lydia Gueiler undermines the statement from the Bolivian government confirming it had received the five missing Argentine Montoneros since it was 'obtained under pressure'. The same newspaper article also reported that the Peruvian Prime Minister Richter argued against the statements from the Bolivian Prime Minister denying that the Montoneros had been expelled to Bolivia.



In this report sent to the US Secretary of State, the US Ambassador to Peru flags a conversation he had with the Peruvian Prime Minister, Richter Prada regarding the case of the missing Argentine Montoneros detained in Peru and expelled to Bolivia. The Peruvian Prime Minister divulged that the three Argentines were 'legally expelled and delivered to a Bolivian immigration official in accordance with long-standing practice'. He also mentioned that the Bolivian military had probably turned the three Montoneros over to the Argentine military forces.

In this report, a US government official flags the suspected involvement of the government of Argentina in the case of three or four Montoneros who were arrested in Peru and expelled to Bolivia. The document highlights 'the intimate relationship between Argentine intelligence services and the intelligence services in Bolivia'.

Este documento consta de tres partes. La primera es una nota de la Misión Permanente de Uruguay ante la O.E.A. de abril de 1981 que remite a la Cancillería en Montevideo copia de la nota dirigida por la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos en relación al Caso 4529. La segunda parte es una nota fechada diciembre de 1980 con las observaciones del reclamante en el Caso 4529 (Celiberti y familia) que transmite una copia de la declaración jurada del ex soldado Hugo García Rivas prestada en Brasil en mayo de 1980. La tercera parte de la nota son las declaraciones del soldado García Rivas, quien declaró en São Paolo, Brasil, frente al Secretariado Internacional de Juristas por la Amnistía en Uruguay, SIJAU). En sus declaraciones, García Rivas relató en detalle el operativo en el que fueron secuestrados Liliana Celiberti, Universindo Rodríguez, y los hijos de Lilian. Después de relatar el operativo del secuestro de los uruguayos en Porto Alegre, García Rivas aborda otros temas, incluyendo al caso de Hugo Pascaretta quien fue asesinado durante la tortura. El documento está firmado sin aclaración por parte de un representante de la Misión.

Identification, Political Goals, and Anticipated Initiatives of Leftist Human Rights Organizations Operating in Uruguay.

Background on the August 1976 Disappearance of Two Cuban Embassy Security Men; Alleged Involvement of an Argentine Rightist in the Kidnapping, Torture, and Murder of the Two Cubans.