Coronel argentino 'Rawson' propone la idea de la inteligencia coordinada

En este documento, el agente chileno Enrique Lautaro Arancibia Clavel (alias 'Luis Felipe Alemparte') escribe a la DINA. Comparte inteligencia sobre la JCR proveniente del coronel argentino, José Osvaldo Ribeiro ('Rawson') y menciona que Rawson viajará a Santiago para investigar el tema.  

Rawson ha propuesto la idea de formar 'una central de inteligencia coordinada entre Chile, Argentina, Uruguay y Paraguay'.

Condor's operations in Western Europe

The document reports on the expansion of Condor's operations to Western Europe. Chile, Uruguay, and Argentina are allegedly the only member countries to have carried out plans for Western European operations and all assassination plans had been dropped by late 1976.  Brazil's dwindling attendance to Condor meetings and the potential entry of Peru are also mentioned.

US Ambassador to Uruguay on critiques to Southern Cone security cooperation

In this telegram sent to the State Department, the US Ambassador to Uruguay claims that 'the US has long urged [countries in the Southern Cone] to increase their cooperation for security'. The Ambassador argues that a coordinated, regional approach to security is justified to counter the armed groups who are coordinating their regional activities through the JCR.

El asesinato de Claudet Fernández y la localización de Edgardo Enríquez, militantes del MIR

En este documento, el agente chileno de la DINA Enrique Lautaro Arancibia Clavel (conocido por su alias 'Luis Felipe Alemparte') escribe a sus superiores en la DINA. Por medio del colonel argentino Jose Osvaldo Riveiro (alias 'Rawson'), se ha confirmado que el militante del MIR Claudet Fernández ha sido asesinado y el lider del MIR Edgardo Enríquez se encuentra en Buenos Aires.

Condor operations outside member countries and possible link to Orlando Letelier's assassination

This document outlines phase three of Operation Condor which involves carrying out operations (including assassinations) outside of member countries. It mentions the formation of special teams composed of agents from one or more member country. The document states that the assassination of Chilean diplomat Orlando Letelier in Washington may, therefore, be attributed to Operation Condor.

El malestar de Rawson porque no ha sido invitado al congreso en Santiago

En este documento, el agente de la DINA, Enrique Lautaro Arancibia Clavel (alias 'Luis Felipe Alemparte') informa a sus superiores del malestar de José Osvaldo Ribeiro (alias 'Rawson') porque no ha sido invitado al congreso en Santiago (por el cual se establecerá el Plan Cóndor). En lugar de Rawson, se ha invitado a un delegado de la SIDE. Seguido al reciente desarrollo de la JCR, Rawson viajará a Santiago.

Asesinato del militante del MIR, Claudet Fernández y localización de Edgardo Enríquez

En este memorándum, el agente de la DINA chilena, Enrique Arancibia Clavel escribe a sus superiores. Arancibia Clavel menciona su reunión con 'Rawson' (José Osvaldo Ribeiro), agente del Batallón de Inteligencia 601 del Ejército Argentino. Rawson confirmó el asesinato del militante del MIR, Jean Ives Claudet Fernández. Se está tratando de localizar a Edgardo Enríquez, líder del MIR.

Pedido de colaboración y apoyo financiero entre la DINA de Chile y la SIDE de Argentina

El Director de la DINA Exterior, conocido por su alias 'Santiago-Luis Gutierrez' confirma que se ha contactado con el coronel José Osvaldo Ribeiro del Batallón de Inteligencia 601 del Ejército Argentino (conocido por su alias 'Rawson') para proponer una posible colaboración entre la DINA de Chile y la SIDE de Argentina. Rawson ha pedido apoyo financiero de la Argentina.

Argentine, Brazilian and Uruguayan officers working with Chilean services

This document mentions that the Chilean security services are working with Argentine, Brazilian, and Uruguayan officers for the interrogation of political opponents. It is also reported that the Chilean services have been sending officers to Brazil for intelligence training and Brazilian officers were sent to Chile as advisors during the early day's of Pinochet's regime.

Preparation of special Condor team to conduct operations outside member countries

This document contains intelligence from the Legal Attaché of the US Embassy in Argentina. Notably, it mentions that a special team is being trained in Buenos Aires to conduct Phase Three Condor operations in non-member countries. The team is composed of members of the Argentine Army Intelligence Service and the State Secretariat for Information. Their structure resembles that of a US special forces team.

US Embassy in Chile suspects death of Chilean refugees resulted from crossborder cooperation

In this document, the US Embassy in Chile responds to a telegram from the US State Department to the Embassies of the Southern Cone expressing concern regarding the international ramifications of the violent assassinations of political figures abroad. The Embassy suspects that the death of Chilean refugees could have resulted from institutional cooperation between the Chilean military regime and groups or governments abroad.

State Department raises concerns regarding Condor's assassination attempts

In this telegram, the State Department acknowledges that while it accepts that crossborder intelligence sharing may be 'useful', it firmly opposes alleged plans to assassinate 'subversives' in Condor member countries and abroad. It calls the US Embassies to 'engage with the highest level of government' in Argentina, Bolivia, and Uruguay to dissuade such attacks.

US Ambassador to Paraguay mentions existence of central communications system in Panama (Condortel)

In this document, the US Ambassador to Paraguay reports on his second meeting with the Chief of Staff in charge of the high-profile case of the assassination of Chilean diplomat Orlando Letelier in Washington. The Chief of Staff General Alejandro Fretes Davalos pointed to a document indicating the coordination between security forces in South America to share intelligence and carry out the detention and refoulment of 'subversives'. The document mentions the existence of a protected communications system ('Condortel') at a US military base in Panama.

FBI statement to Chilean government following assassination of Chilean politician Orlando Letelier and Ronni Moffitt in Washington

This document summarises a statement from the FBI which will be presented to the Chilean government, following the death of Chilean politician Orlando Letelier in Washington. The FBI indicates that there is strong evidence that, beyond intelligence sharing, international operations are also part of the Operation Condor system.

State Department assesses Condor operations outside of member countries

In this document addressed to the US Embassy in Paraguay, the State Department reports on the development of Condor from intelligence sharing to potential assassination operations outside of member countries. The security services of Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay originally committed to partaking in operations outside South America but Uruguay is now reconsidering further participation followed a failed mission.

Urgent appeal of UNHCR for resettlement of refugees in Argentina

In this telegram, the Deputy Assistant Secretary for the State Department, Harry Shlaudeman writes to the Secretary of the State Department regarding the recent appeal of the UN High Commission for Refugees to the US and 33 other countries requesting the urgent resettlement of one thousand refugees in Argentina, alongside further refugees in the future.

Arrest and refoulment of PVP militants in Argentina

This telegram from the US Embassy in Uruguay to the Secretary of State in Washington reports on the round up of militants from the Party for the Victory of the People (PVP) by the Uruguayan military regime. This includes the arrest of 22 PVP militants in Argentina and their subsequent refoulment to Uruguay.

The US Embassy reports on the cooperated psychological warfare between the Argentine and Uruguayan military regimes used to cover up the appearance of PVP militants disappeared in Argentina through the media.

Condor meeting in Buenos Aires in December 1976 to discuss psychological warfare

In this document, the CIA reports on a meeting which took place between Condor member countries in Buenos Aires from 13th to 16th December 1976 to discuss psychological warfare operations. This included an agreement whereby one member country agreed to publish propaganda in favour of another member country so that it could not be traced back to the benefitting country.

Montoneros detained in Peru and expelled to Bolivia

In this report sent to the US Secretary of State, the US Ambassador to Peru flags a conversation he had with the Peruvian Prime Minister, Richter Prada regarding the case of the missing Argentine Montoneros detained in Peru and expelled to Bolivia. The Peruvian Prime Minister divulged that the three Argentines were 'legally expelled and delivered to a Bolivian immigration official in accordance with long-standing practice'. He also mentioned that the Bolivian military had probably turned the three Montoneros over to the Argentine military forces.

Bolivian and Peruvian governments' statements on five missing Montoneros detained in Lima

The US Embassy in Peru informs the US Secretary of State of an article published in the leftist newspaper "El Diario de Marka" in which Bolivian President Lydia Gueiler undermines the statement from the Bolivian government confirming it had received the five missing Argentine Montoneros since it was 'obtained under pressure'. The same newspaper article also reported that the Peruvian Prime Minister Richter argued against the statements from the Bolivian Prime Minister denying that the Montoneros had been expelled to Bolivia.

Public outcry in Peru following arrest of Argentine Montoneros

This report sent from the US Embassy in Peru to the US Secretary of State in Washington mentions a statement released by the Government of Peru regarding three Argentine Montoneros detained in Lima. The statement had mentioned that the three Argentines were expelled to Bolivia following their arrest in Peru. The US Ambassador to Peru reports on the public outcry in Peru generated by this case involving Argentine security forces..

Detention of Montoneros Campiglia and de Binstok in Rio de Janeiro

This note addressed to the US Ambassador to Argentina reports on a meeting between the Regional Security Officer of the US Diplomatic Security Service and a member of the Argentine intelligence services. The Argentine intelligence agent revealed top secret information that the Argentine military intelligence (601 battalion) had contacted their Brazilian counterpart in their mission to arrest two Montoneros (Horacio Campiglia and Susana de Binstok) in Rio de Janeiro on their way back from Mexico. The Montoneros were detained in a secret jail in Campo de Mayo.

OAS accuses Argentine and Uruguayan governments of cooperation to repress political exiles

This document is a news bulletin produced by US church-funded human rights organisation, the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA). It highlights a resolution by the Organization of American States (OAS) accusing the Argentine and Uruguayan governments of cooperation to repress political exiles by illegally returning exiles to their home country. This resolution specifically mentioned the case of Uruguayan journalist Enrique Rodriguez Larreta who, according to the OAS, was detained and tortured in Argentina before being returned to Uruguay in an Argentine military plane.

Information from UNHCR on the detainment of 26 Uruguayans in Buenos Aires

The UNHCR reports on the missing 26 Uruguayans who were abducted by the Argentine security forces between the late December of 1978 and early February 1979. An eyewitness account reveals that the group is being held in a derelict police station in southern Buenos Aires. The witness identifies that the group was interrogated by both Argentine and Uruguayan agents due to their accents.

Localización de dos niños uruguayos, Anatole y Victoria Julien Grisona en Chile

Este comunicado del Secretariado Internacional de Juristas por la Amnistia en Uruguay (SIJAU) cuenta la localización de los dos niños uruguayos, Anatole y Victoria Julien Grisona en Chile. Destaca que el hecho confirma las denuncias realizadas sobre las desapariciones de ciudadanos uruguayos y representa un logro para la campaña por los desaparecidos.

Report on disappeared Uruguayan refugees

Report by the Association of Relatives of the Disappeared (AFUDE) on disappeared Uruguayan refugees. In the first part of the report, it mentions that 'since 1974 the Uruguayan government is kidnapping political refugees in Argentina'. The second part of the report shares information regarding a list of disappeared Uruguayan refugees, including those seen in Argentine prisons, those kidnapped in Paraguay, and Uruguayan children disappeared in Argentina.

UNHCR reports on 50 Uruguayans disappeared in Argentina in 1977-1978

In this communique, the US Ambassador of Buenos Aires forwards the remarks of a UNHCR official regarding disappeared Uruguayan refugees including the fact that the UNHCR, allegedly, has records of 50 Uruguayans disappeared in Argentina in 1977-1978. Of these 50 Uruguayans, only five reappeared in Argentine jails and the Government of Argentina denied having any record of their detention (except for one case).

Kidnapping of Uruguayans Universindo Rodriguez and Liliana de Casariego in Brazil

In this document, the US Ambassador to Uruguay informs Washington that the Brazilian journalist Luis Cunha had unveiled the alleged kidnapping of Uruguayan political refugees Universindo Rodriguez and Liliana de Casariego in Brazil. The document highlights that Cunha strongly suspected that the Uruguayans' captors belonged to local Brazilian security forces.

Interview with released political prisoner arrested in Argentina and transferred to Paraguay

In this interview at the US Embassy in Asuncion, a released political prisoner, Lidia Ester Cabrera de Franco recounts her arrest in Argentina and her detainment at the Investigations Police headquarters and Emboscada prison in Paraguay.

The interview alludes to victims who were disappeared during death flights. When Argentine dictator Videla visited the Paraguayan prison, the victim recalls that several Argentine prisoners were turned over to the Argentine authorities who had travelled in the President's aircraft, never to be seen again.

Testimonios sobre los desaparecidos uruguayos en Argentina

Este documento es un reporte escrito por la "Secretariat International de Juristes pour l'Amnestie en Uruguay" en París. Menciona dos testimonios de personas recientemente liberadas en la Argentina y actualmente refugiadas en Europa que aportan información sobre las operaciones conjuntas de los militares uruguayos y argentinos contra los refugiados uruguayos en Argentina.

UNHCR Commissioner flags arrest and refoulment of Uruguayan exiles in Argentina

This document addressed to the US Secretary of State from the US Ambassador to Argentina mentions the visit of the UN High Commissioner for Refugee's (UNHCR), Kevin Lyonette, to Argentina. Lyonette expressed concern regarding the potential arrest and refoulment of up to 25 Uruguayans living in Buenos Aires between December 1977 and January 1978.

UN refugee office in Argentina is raided

This telegram from the US State Department reports that the UNHCR office in Buenos Aires (Argentina) has been raided. The event may have been intended as a warning following the critical statements made by former Uruguayan senator Enrique Erro in Geneva about his detention in Argentina. 

The document claims that the UNHCR has 50 cases of Bolivian, Chilean, Paraguayan, and Uruguayan refugees in Argentina.

Conversation with Regional Representative of UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR)

This document records a conversation with the Regional Representative of the UNHCR, Robert Muller, following his 14-month-long visit to Argentina. Muller claims that, of the 14,000 refugees mandated by the UNHCR, around 2,000 have been resettled outside Argentina.

The report highlights that UNHCR relations with the Argentine military regime have improved owing to a certain level of cooperation to remove refugees from the country.

UNHCR claims one thousand Argentines seeking asylum in Brazil

This telegram from the US Embassy in Brazil to the State Department reports that the UNHCR will be visiting Brazil to investigate the situation of refugees in the country. The UNHCR suspects that 1,000 Argentine citizens are seeking asylum in Brazil. The UNHCR flags the cooperation between the Bolivian and Argentine security forces for the refoulment of Argentine refugees but claims that the Brazilian security forces are yet to return Argentine exiles.

Disappearance or repatriation of Uruguayan PVP militants in Argentina

In this document, the US Ambassador to Argentina reports on the return to Uruguay of PVP militants exiled in Argentina. According to the UNHCR, 12 out of 14 of the names on the list refer to Uruguayan refugees kidnapped in July and September 1976 and at least 40 more Uruguayans were disappeared during this period. The US Ambassador suspects that the kidnappings were carried out in a secret joint exercise by Uruguayan and Argentine security forces.

Media cover up by Uruguayan regime on capture of PVP militants in Argentina

This telegram from the US Embassy in Uruguay to the State Department reports on the propaganda campaign by the Uruguayan military regime announcing the capture of 62 militants belonging to the Party for the Victory of the People (PVP). PVP militants who had been exiled in Argentina revoked their claims that they had been kidnapped by Argentine authorities to instead claim that they were infiltrating back into Uruguay with plans to carry out assassinations and sabotage. This is an attempt to cover up Operation Condor's crossborder activities.

Uruguayan exiles kidnapped in Argentina and returned to Uruguay

In this telegram, the US Embassy in Montevideo informs the State Department in Washington that rumours are circulating among the intelligence community regarding the alleged kidnapping of Uruguayan exiles- including the daughter of Uruguayan politician, Zelmar Michelini- in Argentina in July 1976. The Argentine security forces turned over some of the detainees to the Uruguayan security forces for interrogation.

Regional UNHCR Representative reports on refugee situation in Argentina

This document records a conversation with the Regional Representative for the UNHCR, Robert Muller, regarding the situation of refugees in Argentina since the military coup in March 1976. Muller reports that high-profile cases including the death of Uruguayan exiles Gutierrez Ruiz and Zelmar Michelini and former Bolivian President Torres have raised alarm among the exile community in Argentina. He mentions the potential operation of Paraguayan security forces in Argentina against opponents of the Paraguayan military regime.

Testimony before Amnesty International accuses Uruguayan security forces of operating in Buenos Aires

Amnesty International calls for Argentine dictator Jorge Videla to investigate allegations that Uruguayan security forces had kidnapped Uruguayan citizens in Buenos Aires. These allegations come after Uruguayan former trade union activist Washington Perez testified before Amnesty International.

Amnesty International report on situation of refugees in Argentina

This report published by Amnesty International provides an overview of the situation of refugees in Argentina prior to and following the military coup. It mentions the suspected operation of Uruguayan security forces on Argentine soil under the so-called 'Plan Mercurio' targeting Uruguayan leftists in Argentina. Argentine and Uruguayan security forces are suspected of jointly operating a clandestine detention centre in Argentina.

US Embassy in Argentina comments on the human rights situation in the country

This document contains a series of telegrams from the US Embassy in Buenos Aires to the State Department. The telegrams express concern regarding the human rights situation in Argentina. The Embassy mentions that the Government of Argentina has admitted to killing 450 terrorists since the military coup but the real number remains unknown.

The final telegram urges the Argentine government to bring the security forces under control and flags the presence of 'unauthorised' persons and groups operating against leftist.

Letter from exiled Uruguayan politician Wilson Ferreira to Argentine dictator Jorge Videla

This is a letter addressed to the Argentine dictator Videla from the Uruguayan politician, Wilson Ferreira who was a key non-leftist opponent of the Uruguayan dictatorship from his exile in Argentina. The letter follows the discovery of the bodies of Zelmar Michelini, Hector Gutierrez Ruiz, and two other unidentified Uruguayans.

Chilean national Muñoz Salas seeks resettlement outside Argentina

In this telegram addressed to the State Department, the US Embassy in Buenos Aires reports that Chilean union leader, Muñoz Salas is seeking resettlement outside Argentina through the UN High Commission for Refugees. Muñoz Salas claims that he and his family were abducted and tortured by Argentine police officers, despite that he was not involved in any political activity in Argentina.